History of Modern India Part 6

History of Modern India Part 6

History of Modern India Part 6

To quell the hatred between Muslims and Hindus, Gandhi used to go to the riot-hit areas during the day and rest at night in a Muslim village. Through the efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, the peace of Dosto Bengal was largely restored. Later, in March 1947, at Nineteen Forty-Seven, Mahatma Gandhi visited the riot-hit areas in Bihar. Pakhtun nationalist leader Bacha Khan also accompanied him on the visit.

Wherever Mahatma Gandhi went, he heard the same stories of terrible destruction and misery. He kept comforting the people and preventing them from taking revenge. But you know that when the feelings of hatred flared up, the one who talked about peace seemed to be in a trance. The same thing was happening with Gandhiji and the hatred of extremists turned towards him. Attacks on them have even begun.

At Aligarh railway station, a mob attacked his train. The assailants pelted the bogie with stones and rained stones on it in which Mahatma Gandhi was traveling. However, he survived the attacks. The assailants started throwing dirt and sharp pieces of glass in their path to hurt them. In response, Karam Chand Gandhi took off his shoes and started walking barefoot.

He wanted to hurt himself by telling people that the stones in my path were not an obstacle to my journey. Friends, despite all the efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, Hindu-Muslim riots did not stop, they continued to grow and spread. In the early months of 1949, it became clear that Hindus and Muslims would no longer be able to live together in the subcontinent. In these circumstances, the Congress party made an important decision.

He accepted the demand for the establishment of Pakistan. There was a logic of the Congress party in recognizing the demand for partition of India. His logic was that if Pakistan was not created, violence in India would escalate, making India insecure. Therefore, by supporting the establishment of Pakistan, one should separate oneself from the Muslim majority areas.

Friends, let me also tell you that in 1946, as a result of the Nineteen Forty-Six elections, a joint interim government of the Congress and the Muslim League was formed at the Center, the Interim Government. The prime minister was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and the finance minister was Liaquat Ali Khan. Later the people involved in the same government became the early political rulers of Pakistan and India.

You know that Liaquat Ali Khan became the Prime Minister of Pakistan and in India you know that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Well, my friend Viceroy Lord Mountbatten negotiated the details of partition with Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Pandit Nehru and on June 3, 1947, the partition plan was formally announced. Then, eleven days later, on the Fourteenth of June, an important meeting of the Congress was held in Delhi, in which Pandit Nehru and the Congress leaders raised their hands and voted in favor of partition.

But there was a problem. The problem was that the Congress agreed to the partition, but the patron of the Congress, Karam Chand Gandhi, did not agree. On the Congress leaders’ idea of partitioning India, Mahatma Gandhi had said that Nehru and Sardar Patel were realizing that my thinking ability had diminished with age. On another occasion, he said in frustration that he did not listen to me. Am I really getting old? Don’t I really understand things?

Part 7

Friends, even knowing that there was no possibility of their being obeyed now, they continued to oppose partition. He was telling people that I do not want future generations to curse me and say that I was involved in the partition of India. All these contradictory statements of Mahatma Gandhi, moving towards partition, were not understood by anyone in India. Didn’t like The people of the Congress, if they had met their patron, would have advised him to become a sadhu and go to the mountains of the Himalayas.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.