History of Modern India Part 7

History of Modern India Part 7

   History of Modern India Part 7

The purpose of this advice was to make Mahatma Gandhi realize the painful feeling that there was no place for his ideas in independent India. Then, as the violence escalated, so did the distance between Mahatma Gandhi and the Congress. Mahatma Gandhi began to realize that Pandit Nehru’s government was not doing its best for the betterment of the Indian people and to prevent riots. “I think of Jawaharlal Nehru as a crownless king,” he said.

Yet India is a poor nation, they should understand that it is so poor that its elected leaders should walk instead of going in cars. Instead of living in palaces, one should live in servant quarters. A person living in palaces cannot run the government. He had repeatedly asked Pandit Nehru and Sardar Patel to dedicate Delhi’s palace-like houses and magnificent office buildings to the homeless refugees and make them hostels. Become or take up residence in farmers’ huts.

He also lamented why corruption in government offices is so common when we are free. In these circumstances, some old friends of Gandhiji also gave a secret advice to Dostoji to start a movement to overthrow the government of Pandit Nehru as he used to do against the British. Mahatma Gandhi refused to accept this advice. He said that he would not launch any movement against this institution ie Congress and its government.

Opposition to the My Curious Fellows partition and criticism of the Congress government were the issues that led to Karamchand Gandhi being deprived of one of the most important posts possible. Then came the moment when Hindu extremists attacked Mahatma Gandhi’s house. What was the incident? Friends, you know that Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, was decided by Pandit Nehru to be the first Governor General of India.

According to historian Stanley Walpert, Mahatma Gandhi wanted to replace Lord Mountbatten as the first Governor General of India. However, Pandit Nehru was not in favor of giving this post to Gandhiji. According to Walpert, Mountbatten felt that Mahatma Gandhi deserved the position. However, since Pandit Nehru was seeking help from Mountbatten on a number of strategic matters, he rejected the idea of making Mahatma Gandhi Governor-Genera l.

As soon as Lord Mountbatten became Governor General, the fears of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah began to prove true. Lord Mountbatten had begun to play a role in making Kashmir, the most important region in Pakistan’s eyes, a part of India. You know that Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state of the subcontinent. Pandit Nehru wanted to make it part of India, partly because his own ancestors had migrated from Kashmir.

He began work on a plan to make Kashmir part of India through Lord Mountbatten. Lord Mountbatten selected Mahatma Gandhi to work on the project. He asked Mahatma Gandhi to go to Kashmir and talk to Dogra Maharaja Hari Singh and get Kashmir included in India. Mahatma Gandhi was in favor of going to Kashmir but at the same time made a statement which was not to the liking of Mountbatten and the Congress leaders.

Gandhiji said that he was not going to ask the Maharaja to join either India or Pakistan. We should ask the people of Kashmir whether they want to join Pakistan or what they want with India. Mahatma Gandhi arrived in Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir, on August 1, 1947, on the day of Nineteen Forty-Seven. Some Muslims in Kashmir saw Mahatma Gandhi’s visit as an attempt to join India.

Part 8

Therefore, there were demonstrations against him in many places in Kashmir. In one such incident, Gandhiji was going somewhere in a car. Some protesters ran after Gandhiji’s car chanting slogans in favor of Pakistan. Karam Chand Gandhi stopped the car and asked the people why they were protesting. One of the protesters said we want Pakistan.

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